Pahlmeyer Vineyards – Wayfarer Farms
This 70-acre site is located in the headwaters of the South Fork Gualala River on a former organic vegetable farm. Vineyards, which occupy less than half of the site, are managed with no-till methods and extensive drainage improvements to conserve soil and avoid erosion. See also Waters Ranch in Suisun Creek watershed.
Brothers Nick and Andy Peay developed vineyards on less than 50 acres of this 280-acre site in 1996. This site was formerly occupied by apple orchards, grazing lands, and a homestead. Peay Vineyards encompasses the headwaters of five creeks and uses sediment basins and cover crops to conserve soil and protect water quality.
Peter Michael Winery – Seaview Vineyard
This 391-acre site stretches from the ridge top to the South Fork of the Gualala River and includes a large coniferous forest. The 30 acres of vineyards are located on the ridge top grassland. This area of the watershed was extensively logged in the 1950s and retains numerous eroding hillside roads from this era. As part of the vineyard development the old logging roads were repaired and storm proofed removing a source of sediment. See also Knights Valley site.
Cliff Putnam and his family have lived in the Annapolis area since the 1970s. Their 39-acres of vineyard use very little water. Prior logging operations in this area used creek beds as roads and only recently have the creeks begun to recover. The Putnams have completed extensive creek and forest improvements.
Tombs Creek Vineyard
This small vineyard is located above Tombs Creek in the eastern area of the Gualala River watershed. Tombs Creek on this site has year-round coldwater flows and good steelhead trout habitat.