Joseph Phelps Vineyards Farms
Joseph Phelps Vineyards - Freestone Vineyard Estate
In the Salmon Creek drainage, on 100 acres of rolling hills once planted in apple orchards, this 50-acre vineyard incorporates biodynamic farming principals like composting, recycling nutrients, carefully managed irrigation, the use of cover crops, owl boxes to encourage raptors that control rodents, and non-toxic biological field and foliar sprays. With a goal of reducing irrigation needs, they have begun dry farming a portion of the vineyard and hope to dry farm the rest of the vineyard when the vines mature.
Banca Dorada is a flat 28-acre site where Joseph Phelps Vineyards cultivates alternate rows and keeps a cover crop of fescues, clover, oats, phacelia, chickweed, chamomile, and other grasses on their vineyard avenues to reduce soil erosion.
On this flat, 17-acre site, alternate rows are cultivated and a cover crop of fescues, clover, chickweed, chamomile, and other grasses are grown on the vineyard avenues to reduce soil erosion. As part of the farm plan, Joseph Phelps Vineyards is planting trees and shrubs along a drainage channel.
The Yountville Ranch is a 48-acre site with a cover crop of fescues, clover, chickweed, chamomile and other grasses on the vineyard avenues to reduce soil erosion. Biodynamic farming methods are used at this site.